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Varieties of Drumsticks

Rohit-1 Coimbatore 2 P. K. M. -1 P. K.M. -2 Moringa



Different varieties of Drumsticks

Drumsticks
Though the origin of drumsticks is India, due to its medicinal uses it has reached other countries also. Different varieties and types of drumsticks are found in specific part of India. But no research has been done in different agricultural institute and universities. The universities in south India are ahead in these researches. With the research and considering the geographical conditions, there are following varieties of Drumsticks available -
Drumsticks
Kokan Drumsticks
Rohit-1
Coimbator-2
P.K.M. -1
P.K.M. -2
Durga
Chem Moringa
Moringa
G.K.V.K. -1
G.K.V.K. -2
G.K.V.K. -3
Jafna
K.M.1
Chavalavacheri
Yalpanam
Shabanam
   

Following varieties of Drumsticks are easily available in Maharashtra

Rohit-1
Rohit 1 is Selection variety of Drumstick evolved by progressive farmer Mr. Balasaheb Marale (At Post-Shaha, Tal-Sinnar, Dist - Nashik). He visited number of drumstick farms located in different states of India, from these farms he brought 18 varieties and planted on his farm in 1999. He observed these plants for about 5 years. He studied different characteristic of drumstick i.e. flowering season fertilizer application, water requirement, fruit set, taste, size, weight & yield.

Through this search he had selected few plants of having special characteristics, which are demands in India & abroad market.

Characteristics of Rohit
  First yield starts in 4 to 6 months after plantation & gives commercial yield upto 10 Years. (Per year two seasons).
 

Bears are dark green in color, 45 to 60 cm in length, pulp is soft & testy, keeping quality is very good.

  From a single plant one can get 40-135 drumsticks of about 3 to 10 kg.
  A Five years plant gives 585 to 650 drumsticks of about 45 to 50 kg per year.
  From 1 acre irrigated and well-drained soil type, one can obtain 7 to 12 tonnes yield.
 

Yield and quality of drumstick is depend on climate, soil type, irrigation facility and spacing and market rates are depend quality  & demand in market.

Coimbatore 2
This variety is more popular in Gujarat stote

Features
  The length of stick is 25 to 35 cm
  The stick is dark green in colour and tasteful.
  Each plant yields 250 to 375 sticks. Each stick is bulky.
  Each plant yields the product for 3 to 4 years.
  If the product is not taken from the plant earlier, the market value of the product is lost.

P. K. M. - 1
The variety is the research of Coimbator Agriculture university

Features
  After plantation, the plant bears flowers and you can yield the product in 8 to 9 months. You can get the production twice in a year.
  Each plant can yield 200 to 350 sticks each plant can yield production for 4 to 5 years.
  Each stick is larger in length hence the product has demand in market of big cities rather than local market cost is comparatively less.

P. K. M. - 2

Features
  The raw stick of this variety is greenish in colour and tastes good.
  The length of each stick is 45 to 75cms.
  Each plant can yield 300 to 400 sticks.
  This variety is yields good product but requires more water.

MORINGA OLEIFERA
NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF LEAVES AND PODS

Analysis of Moringa pods, fresh (raw) leaves and dried leaf powder have shown them to contain the following per 100 grams of edible portion:

  Pods Leaves Leaf Powder
Moisture (%) 86.9 75.0 7.5
Calories 26 92 205
Protein (g) 2.5 6.7 27.1
Fat (g) 0.1 1.7 2.3
Carbohydrate (g) 3.7 13.4 38.2
Fiber (g) 4.8 0.9 19.2
Minerals (g) 2.0 2.3 -
Ca (mg) 30 440 2,003
Mg (mg) 24 24 368
P (mg) 110 70 204
K (mg) 259 259 1,324
Cu (mg) 3.1 1.1 0.57
Fe (mg) 5.3 7 28.2
S (mg) 137 137 870
Oxalic acid (mg) 10 101 1.6%
Vitamin A B carotene (mg) 0.11 6.8 16.3
Vitamin B choline (mg) 423 423 -
Vitamin B1 thiamin (mg) 0.05 0.21 2.64
Vitamin B2 riboflavin (mg) 0.07 0.05 20.5
Vitamin B3 nicotinic acid (mg) 0.2 0.8 8.2
Vitamin C ascorbic acid (mg) 120 220 17.3
Vitamin E tocopherol acetate (mg) - - 113
Arginine (g/16g N) 3.6 6.0 1.33%
Histidine (g/16g N) 1.1 2.1 0.61%
Lysine (g/16g N) 1.5 4.3 1.32%
Tryptophan (g/16g N) 0.8 1.9 0.43%
Phenylanaline (g/16g N) 4.3 6.4 1.39%
Methionine (g/16g N) 1.4 2.0 0.35%
Threonine (g/16g N) 3.9 4.9 1.19%
Leucine (g/16g N) 6.5 9.3 1.95%
Isoleucine (g/16g N) 4.4 6.3 0.83%
Valine (g/16g N) 5.4 7.1 1.06%

 

 

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